Rolston's publications include Genes, Genesis and God; Science and Religion: A Critical Survey; Philosophy Gone Wild; Environmental Ethics; and Conserving Natural Value. He has edited Biology, Ethics, and the Origins of Life. His articles have appeared in a wide range of journals, including Ethics, Inquiry, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Theology Today, Natural History, Conservation Biology, Yale Journal of International Law, and Christianity Today. He was distinguished Visiting Professor of Bioethics at Yale University, 2005-2006.
Professor Rolston was awarded the Templeton Prize in Religion in 2003, bestowed by H.R.H. Prince Philip in Buckingham Palace. Other awards include the Mendel Medal, given by Villanova University in 2005.